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Carter King
Carter King

The Soil - Joy (We Are Family) !FREE!

The amazing thing is that we are the ones who benefit when we do our job and tend to the earth. Healthy soil makes healthy plants, and healthy plants make healthy people. Nutrient dense food is the result of happy soil. This is reason that we go to so much effort to visit each farm and connect you with the farmer who is growing your food and tending the soil.

The Soil - Joy (We Are Family)


From a large back yard vegetable garden, to making the most of a square foot of soil, to the smallest container on your window ledge, check out these websites to get inspired to garden wherever you live!

Get lyrics of Joy by the soil song you love. List contains Joy by the soil song lyrics of older one songs and hot new releases. Get known every word of your favorite song or start your own karaoke party tonight :-).

Today, the third generation of the Trefethen family carries on this vision. Wine lovers in search of outstanding Napa Valley wines turn to Trefethen knowing they will enjoy wines produced exclusively from our sustainably farmed estate vineyards.

Many gardeners are not aware that the difficulties with their vegetable garden or flower garden could be caused by compacted soils. Lawns can also be affected. You may find soil is difficult to dig in or till up and plants do not grow well. They do not develop as large of a root system as they should. Water may collect after a heavy rain and will remain rather than soak in.

What is causing this? About half of a healthy soil is made up of mineral particles like sand, silt and clay plus organic matter. The remaining half is called pore space. That is the room for air and water movement around the mineral particles. Pore space is required in order to have a healthy environment for plant roots and beneficial microorganisms and earthworms to break down plant residue into organic matter.

Compaction is most likely to occur with heavier soils like clay and loam, but when heavy equipment is used, sandy soils can become compacted. These are soil particles that are packed closely together. The problem may be compounded by events that have happened to the soil over the course of years. The pore spaces are reduced to the point that air and water cannot move freely and plant roots cannot grow easily into the surrounding soil. The soil could remain overly wet longer than is healthy for the plants growing there.

Working up soil when it is too wet. Before tilling a garden or working up the soil, make sure the soil is not too wet. Before working in the garden in the spring, take a handful of soil and compress it into a ball. When gently poked, it should fall apart. If it does not, the soil is too wet. Wait until the soil crumbles.

Mixing sand into clay soils to loosen soil. Adding sand creates the opposite of the desired effect. The soil can become like concrete. Add organic matter such as compost, peat moss or leaf mold when loosening the soil.

Once you have realized your soil is compacted, there are several things to be done. Resist the urge to routinely roto-till or cultivate the garden. Instead, consider adding organic matter by using mulch or compost over the top of a flower bed or simply hand-spade it into the top 3 to 6 inches of soil. For a vegetable garden, put 2 inches of compost on the soil surface and till in and repeat for a total of 4 inches in a season. A goal of 5 to 15 percent of organic matter would be advantageous.

If a mechanical rototiller is used, be careful not to repeatedly go over areas that are already cultivated. Using organic matter like straw or chopped leaves in a vegetable garden that can be mowed and turned into the soil in the spring or fall will add more organic matter. Get a soil test once every three years to check on nutrients, soil pH and percentage of organic matter. Go to to purchase a soil test self-mailer kit.

For a large vegetable garden, another solution is to grow a cover crop at the end of the season, then mow and turn in the following spring before planting. The roots penetrate the compacted soil and loosen it. By mowing and turning the mowed tops in, the soil is additionally loosened. Cover crops could include annual ryegrass, winter wheat, winter rye, buckwheat, oilseed radishes and hairy vetch.

Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Quentin Tyler, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. This information is for educational purposes only. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned.

Many farm-watching guides divide North America into several distinct geographical regions based on habitat, soils, length of growing season, political boundaries, and milk marketing orders. This guide focuses on common farm activities found within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the largest agricultural state in the northeastern United States. A temperate climate, relatively long growing season, good soils, and easy access to markets make Pennsylvania prime habitat for agriculture. Farms are relatively abundant in Pennsylvania and commonly can be found by watchful observers in both rural and suburbanizing parts of the Commonwealth.

Vegetable farms tend to be smaller than other farm types. They typically rely on migrant or family labor. Just under half of the vegetable farms are less than 50 acres in size. Most vegetable farms sell directly to consumers through roadside farm stands, farmers' markets, or other direct marketing.

Successfully growing crops generally involves several common field activities in the spring. The soil needs to be broken up to control weeds, integrate manure and other fertilizers into the soil, and make it loose enough so seeds can be planted. Traditionally, soil was initially broken up with a moldboard plow and then further broken up with a harrow. Increasingly, farmers use a chisel plow and then herbicides to control weeds. This latter method reduces soil runoff.

Many Pennsylvania farms can get 2 to 4 hay harvests a year from a field, depending on the weather conditions and their location in Pennsylvania (farms in southern Pennsylvania are more likely to have a higher number of harvests). The first cutting typically occurs in late May or early June, with later cuttings following as the grasses and legumes regrow. Hay fields are typically harvested for 3 to 5 years before being replanted. Often farmers will first replant a hay field in corn for a year or two and then small grains or soybeans for another year or so before replanting as hay to help replenish the soil. During other times of the year, farmers may adjust soil pH through the application of lime and fertilizer to increase productivity.

Manure management is an important task on farms with animals. Traditionally with some stanchion barns, farmers cleaned the barn and spread manure daily. Many newer barns and farm buildings are designed to reduce daily manure handling by including a place for manure storage, such as a manure tank or pond. Tanks are entirely enclosed, while ponds have an open top. Many of these tanks or ponds are part of an automatic cleaning system that washes the building floor several times a day. The manure is stored as a liquid mixed with water. Manure tanks and ponds are emptied several times a year; the manure is spread on fields before crops are planted to help fertilize the soil. Because the manure starts decomposing in the tanks and ponds, the process of emptying the tank and spreading stored manure can temporarily release strong odors. These last only while the manure is being agitated and for a few days after manure is spread in a field. Liquid manure can be spread directly on top of the soil or injected several inches into the ground.

Plows are used to prepare soil for planting by breaking up the sod. The traditional style of plow is called a moldboard plow, which is designed to turn a strip of soil completely upside down. This buries any plants, crop residue, or fertilizer, killing the weeds and enriching the soil and making it easier to prepare a fine seed bed. Plows can include several individual plowshares, allowing the farmer to turn over a wider path with each pass. A "two-bottom" plow has two plowshares, for example, while a "four-bottom" plow has four plowshares. A larger tractor can pull a plow with more plowshares.

Harrows are becoming less common with the increased use of minimum-till plowing because they aren't needed with that type of soil preparation. After plowing with a moldboard plow, the soil is broken up, but it is still fairly rough. Harrows are used to further prepare the soil for Disk harrow planting by breaking up dirt clods and corn stalks and evening the soil surface. Harrows generally consist of a series of parallel, round, metal disks (around 2 feet in diameter and called a disk harrow) or metal spring teeth (called a spring-tooth harrow) and are pulled through a plowed field until the soil surface is finely broken up and smooth.

Manure spreaders are used to carry manure and spread it on fields to help fertilize the soil. Side or rear discharge spreaders carry relatively solid manure and are used on farms where manure is spread daily or several times a week. Their name refers to whether they spread manure over their side (side discharge) or rear (rear discharge). The spreaders are open on top, making them easy to fill.

Liquid manure spreaders are used to spread manure from manure storage tanks and ponds. This type of manure is very wet and pumped into the spreader. Liquid manure spreaders are enclosed. The spreaders can either spread manure directly on top of the soil or inject it several inches underground (which can help control odors). 041b061a72


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